Saint-Simon, Louis de Rouvroy, duke de

   Known for his memoirs, Louis de Rouvroy, duke de Saint-Simon was born in Paris. Because his father had been created a duke and a peer, he received an exceptional education and upbringing, during which he became friends with the future regent, Philippe d'orléans. He began his military career early, distinguishing himself at the Battle of Neerwinden (1692) against William of Orange, which he describes in his Relation (written for his mother) and in which can be seen the origins of his noted Mémoires. in 1702, he left the army and established himself at the court of louis xtv at Versailles, spending time also at his château at La Ferté-vidame, Eure-et-Loire. He had tied his political ambitions to the career of the duke of Burgundy, who died in 1712. Although he was close to the regent, Saint-Simon was eclipsed by others. Nonetheless, he held some positions, namely, as part of a diplomatic mission to Madrid, Spain (1712-22), which allowed him to write a Tableau de la cour d'Espagne. The death of the regent in 1723 put a definite end to his political hopes, and he returned to his château and his Mémoires, which he had begun in 1694. Written mostly between 1739 and 1750, they particularly describe his experiences between 1691 and 1723. The final years of the reign of louis xtv and the period of the regency are evoked in a series of descriptions and portraits in which the author discusses the royal court and his own life. Much admired by rené de chateaubriand, stendhal, and Marcel proust, the Mémoires, while digressive and partisan, are considered classic and eloquent masterpieces of French prose. A nearly complete edition appeared in 1829, with the complete (41 volumes) work appearing later.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint-Simon, Louis de Rouvroy, Duke de — ▪ French author born Jan. 15, 1675, Paris, Fr. died March 2, 1755, Paris  soldier and writer, known as one of the great memoirists of France. His Mémoires are an important historic document of his time.       His father, Claude de Rouvroy… …   Universalium

  • Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon — Louis Duke of Saint Simon Spouse(s) Marie Gabrielle de Durfort Detail Issue Charlo …   Wikipedia

  • Saint-Simon, Claude-Henri de Rouvroy, count de — (1760 1825)    philosopher, economist    A distant cousin of louis de rouvroy, duke de saint simon, Claude Henri de Rouvroy, count de Saint Simon was born in Paris and served as a military officer in the American War of Independence. Returning to …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Duke of Saint-Simon — (Fr.: duc de Saint Simon) was a noble title in the peerage of France that was held by a father and son in the seventeenth and eighteenth century List of Dukes of Saint Simon, 1630 1755 From To Duke of Saint Simon 1630 1693 Claude de Rouvroy, duc… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis of France, Duke of Burgundy — Louis de France, Duke of Bourgogne (August 16, 1682 February 18, 1712) was the eldest son of Louis, le Grand Dauphin . As a result of his father s death in 1711, he became Dauphin and is hence also inaccurately known as le Petit Dauphin… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint-Simon — (spr. ßäng ßimóng), 1) Louis de Rouvroy, Herzog von, franz. Memoirenschriftsteller, geb. 16. Jan. 1675, gest. 2. März 1755, trat als Patenkind Ludwigs XIV. in die königlichen Haustruppen, machte 1692 seinen ersten Feldzug unter dem Marschall von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint-Simon, Henri de — ▪ French social reformer Introduction in full  Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte (count) de Saint Simon  born Oct. 17, 1760, Paris, Fr. died May 19, 1825, Paris  French social theorist and one of the chief founders of Christian (Christian Socialism) …   Universalium

  • Duc de Saint-Simon —     Louis de Rouvroy, Duc de Saint Simon     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Louis de Rouvroy, Duc de Saint Simon     Born 16 January, 1675; died in Paris, 2 March, 1755. Having quitted the military service in 1702, he lived thereafter at the Court,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Louis XIV — ( the Great ; the Sun King ) 1638 1715, king of France 1643 1715 (son of Louis XIII). * * * known as the Sun King born Sept. 5, 1638, Saint Germain en Laye, France died Sept. 1, 1715, Versailles King of France (1643–1715), ruler during one of… …   Universalium

  • Louis XIV of France — Louis XIV and Louis Quatorze redirect here. For other uses, see Louis XIV (disambiguation) and Louis Quatorze (disambiguation). Sun King and Le Roi Soleil redirect here. For the Beatles song, see Sun King (song). For the French musical, see Le… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.